Have you ever asked the question: what is urban survival syndrome? Read on to learn more about this relevant and timely issue here!
In this article:
- Big City Fears Unleashed
- A Study into Urban Survival Syndrome
- Continued Research
- Urban Survival Syndrome Meaning
- How Urban Survival Syndrome Died
- Criticisms of Urban Survival Syndrome for Defense
- Are Bad Cities Driving Us Crazy?
- What You Can Do
All About Urban Survival Syndrome
Big City Fears Unleashed
If you’ve ever lived in a rough neighborhood, then you know that feeling. That feeling you get when you leave in the morning for work, wondering how many damaged windows will there be. When you walk down the street, in your mind, don’t smile, don’t show weakness, and keep that game face on. When you lock the door behind you upon getting home. The feelings right before you sleep as you go through your mental checklist. Is the back door and front door shut? Did you lock the windows? You get the drill…
A Study into Urban Survival Syndrome
Whether we like to admit it or not, living in a dicey neighborhood can mess you up. In 2014, a study published in the Peer J journal found this out. Spending time in a crime-prone neighborhood made research volunteers more paranoid. The surprising part is how little time it took for the paranoia to set in. Less than an hour, according to researchers.
“We … bused volunteers to one or other neighborhood at random, and had them walk around for 45 minutes.” Researcher Daniel Nettle, a professor of behavioral science at Newcastle University, explained.
“We found that by the end of the walk, the volunteers in the high-crime neighborhood also said they trusted others less and felt more paranoid,” he said.
Nettle continued by pointing out that after their “short visit,” to a rough part of town, his research volunteers experienced what it was like to be in the mindset of “the residents who lived there.”
“It’s interesting because it shows not just that our environment affects our state of mind, but that it does so very rapidly,” he added.
Yet, this isn’t the worst part. A separate 2016 study by researchers at Duke University and King’s College London had these findings. There are different urban survival syndrome cases, such as they found children living in violent neighborhoods exhibit higher rates of psychotic symptoms.
Then there are the victims of violence themselves. They suffer PTSD at rates comparable to soldiers who experienced front-line combat. Put simply, the science shows, rough neighborhoods dramatically shape how locals and visitors alike experience the world around them. Is it time then, to revisit the long-discredited urban survival syndrome?
Urban Survival Syndrome Meaning
The notion of urban survival syndrome points to a little more than a poor excuse for unacceptable aggressive social behavior. The Urban Dictionary describes it as a “fear-thy-neighbor mentality.” It causes its victims to “feel they have no way of protecting themselves from crime or violence, except by killing anybody who threatens or harasses them.”
“Such mentality is usually the result of living in violent, crime-prone (typically inner-city) areas for long periods of time, and/or watching too much television (no joke),” the internet’s most authoritative dictionary explained.
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At this point, almost everyone who lived in a rough neighborhood is probably nodding. If you haven’t felt the tug of urban survival syndrome yourself, you probably know someone who shows signs of it. Despite this, paranoid individuals with anger management issues use the supposed syndrome as a lame excuse.
How Urban Survival Syndrome Died
Its slide into cynical Internet joke started before the Internet itself really took off. Back in 1994, urban survival syndrome was used as a defense in the trial of Texan African American teenager Daimion Osby. Osby was facing two counts of first-degree murder, after gunning down two unarmed men in a parking lot. The backstory: the two men had been hounding Osby for months over the outcome of a game of street craps.
“Our guy [Osby] just didn’t show these fellows the proper respect … and they just increased the level of violence until he was fearful for his life,” defense attorney David Bays told The Washington Post at the time.
In other words, Osby’s defense was simple: he had been so terrorized that he believed it was either kill or be killed.
At the time, the case became a media sensation, as Osby’s lawyers experimented with what is now known as the urban survival syndrome defense. Used much like the classic temporary insanity defense, the idea looked like it could catch on. The original trial ended with a hung jury, spurring a wave of interest in this new legal defense.
“It’s just like open warfare,” another of Osby’s lawyers, Bill Lane argued.
“And if you’re to survive as a young African-American in that neighborhood, you have to take steps necessary to protect yourself,” he told The Seattle Times.
Criticisms of Urban Survival Syndrome for Defense
Critics, however, argued urban survival syndrome was an excessive step towards “individualizing” justice. In other words, applying different standards of conduct to different people. For critics like John Monahan, a psychologist and law professor at the University of Virginia, the ultimate question is simple: where do we draw the line?
“If we allow urban psychosis as a defense to a crime, what would be next?” he rhetorically inquired during an interview with The New York Times. “Suburban psychosis, marked by a pathological fear of lawn mowers and barbecues?”
This entire debate abruptly ended with the conclusion of Osby’s retrial, which saw him convicted on the two murder counts and sentenced to life in prison.
The urban survival syndrome was dead, at least as a legal defense.
Are Bad Cities Driving Us Crazy?
However, two decades later, is it time to rethink urban survival syndrome? Not as a legal defense but as a way to understand our society’s growing tension. We live in a time where people are increasingly stressed, depressed and utterly overwhelmed.
Since the Osby case, violent crime has overall fallen dramatically across the U.S., but public fear has skyrocketed. Throw in a tense political climate, social media alienation, and frustration with the growing wealth gap. It’s perhaps no surprise Americans are feeling increasingly helpless, frustrated, and outright angry.
What You Can Do
Clearly, there’s no single explanation for society’s growing tension, but maybe we need to take a break from blaming politics, the news, and Facebook for our collective psychological woes. Instead, put our physical surroundings back under the microscope. After two decades of urban decay, it’s time to ask ourselves the same question Osby’s jury grappled with: is the state of our cities literally driving us crazy?
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The urban survival syndrome, to others, is just that — a syndrome. For some others, it is all too real. Some even lived to tell about their urban survival experiences. While one cannot use the syndrome legally in defense, you can still be wary about your urban surroundings. Arm yourself with the proper urban survival know-hows essential in your self-preservation.
Do you feel you have an urban survival syndrome like you’re always in a survival mode in the big bad city? Let us know your thoughts about it and this article in the comments section below!
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Editor’s Note: This post was originally published on December 18, 2017, and has been updated for quality and relevancy.